Raspberry Pi: Initial Setup
Table of Contents
After receiving my Raspberry Pi this weekend, I’ve finally had some time to have a play with it. My end goal for the little device is to convert it into a NAS serving media files across my home. For now though I’m just trying to optimise the Debian image Raspberry Pi distribute.
Enable SSH #
First off, I enabled SSH Server so I could connect to it wirelessly.
Optimise fstab #
There is a swap partition by default in the image, but it’s not used. This is good as SD Cards as other flash media have limited write counts on block, so having a swap writing to your SD Card would just destroy it sooner or later. For now, lets optimise the root fs mount options:
sudo nano /etc/fstab
Change it to the following:
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot vfat defaults 0 0 /dev/mmcblk0p2 / ext4 defaults,noatime,nodiratime 0 0
The options we’ve added to the root fs mount (noatime,nodiratime) basically reduce the amount of filesystem accesses for last accessed times.
Remove Unnecessary Packages #
Most of this section is taken from Gordon’s post here.
NFS. I don’t need this as I’ll use sftp/rsync sudo apt-get purge portmap # NTFS and FUSE. My external HD is FAT32 so no need for this. sudo apt-get purge fuse-utils sudo apt-get purge libfuse2 sudo apt-get purge libntfs10 # GDM. Not really sure why this is installed as the recommend # way to start X is to call ‘startx’. sudo apt-get autoremove gdm # Finally call autoremove to remove all the unneeded dependencies sudo apt-get autoremove #
Decrease Video Memory #
By default the Debian distro is set to use 64MB of the 256MB of RAM for the GPU. As I don’t really need the video output I’ve reduced this to 32MB by using one of the pre-built elfs (the number in the file name is the amount of system RAM available):
sudo cp /boot/arm224_start.elf /boot/start.elf
You can see what RAM/GPU variations are available by doing this command:
That will do for now, my next post will be about getting the Pi ready for serving Media files!